Blue Fungi and Other Interesting 'Shrooms

I landed on an interesting page of images of strange and beautiful fungi the other day and thought I'd feature some of them here.

Indigo Milk Cap

[photo: cotinis]

[photo: Alan Rockafeller]

Lactarius indigo, also known as the indigo milk cap grows naturally in eastern North America, East Asia, and Central America; it has also been reported from southern France.

The milk, or latex, that oozes when the mushroom tissue is cut or broken is also indigo blue, but slowly turns green upon exposure to air. Oozes blue then turns green. Is that not the most awesome thing you've ever heard?

[photo: Dan Molter]

The cap is typically between 5 to 15 cm (2 to 6 in) broad, and the stem 2 to 8 cm (0.8 to 3 in) tall by 1 to 2.5 cm (0.4 to 1.0 in) thick. It is an edible mushroom, and is sold in rural markets in Mexico, Guatemala, and China. [wiki]

[photo: speakfreely]
I love blue things.

Golden Jelly Fungus
[photo: Lucarelli]
Tremella mesenterica also known as yellow brain, golden jelly fungus, yellow trembler, and witches' butter is a common jelly fungus.

The gelatinous, orange-yellow fruit body of this fungus, which can grow up to 7.5 cm (3.0 in) diameter, has a convoluted or lobed surface that is greasy or slimy when damp. It grows in crevices in bark, appearing during rainy weather. Within a few days after rain it dries into a thin film or shriveled mass capable of reviving after subsequent rain

It doesn't escape my notice that the word "gelatinous" has been used here at Frimmbits HQ twice in the last week.

[photo: Anna/All Thoughts Work Outdoors]

Yellow jelly fungus is widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions that include Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North and South America. Although considered bland and flavorless, the fungus is edible [wiki]

Stinkhorn Fungus
[photo: Lon & Queta]

[photo: kjbeath]

Aseroe rubra, also known as the anemone stinkhorn, sea anemone fungus and starfish fungus, is common and widespread and recognizable for its foul odour of carrion and its sea anemone shape when mature. 

Like you couldn't tell it stunk the moment you looked at it.

Found in gardens on mulch and in grassy areas, it resembles a red star-shaped structure covered in brownish slime on a white stalk. It attracts flies, which spread its spores.

For something so common, I've never seen one before. *reads* Oh, it's common in Australia

[photo: Noah Siegel]
But wait, there's more!

It begins as a partly buried whitish egg-shaped structure 3 cm (1¼ in) in diameter, which bursts open as a hollow white stalk with reddish arms erupts and grows to a height of 10 cm (4 in). It matures into a reddish star-shaped structure with six to ten arms up to 3.5 cm (1½ in) long radiating from the central area. These arms are deeply divided into two limbs. 

The top of the fungus is covered with dark olive-brown slime or gleba, which smells of rotting meat. There is a cup-shaped volva at the base that is the remnants of the original egg. [wiki]


[photo: RachelB/Project Noah]

The Wrinkled Peach
[image: Dan Molter]

[image: Dan Molter]

Rhodotus palmatus, also known as netted Rhodotus, the rosy veincap, or the wrinkled peach is found in eastern North America, northern Africa, Europe, and Asia; declining populations in Europe have led to its appearance in over half of the European fungal Red Lists of threatened species. Typically found growing on the stumps and logs of rotting hardwoods, it is declining in numbers in Europe and is on their Red list of threatened species.

It is not toxic but because of its bitter taste it is classified as inedible. [wiki]

[image: Dan Molter]
[image: Dan Molter]

Violet Coral
[photo: here]

[photo: Mark Steinmetz]

Clavaria zollingeri, commonly known as the violet coral or the magenta coral produces striking tubular, purple to pinkish-violet fruit bodies that grow up to 10 cm (3.9 in) tall and 7 cm (2.8 in) wide.

It has a widespread distribution, and has been found in Australia, New Zealand, North America, South America, and Asia. In North America, the distribution is restricted to the northeastern regions of the continent. It seems to have no special powers. [wiki]

[image: Dan Molter]

Pixie's Umbrella
[photo: Lorraine Phelan]

Mycena interrupta, commonly known as the pixie's parasol, is a species of mushroom. It has a Gondwanan distribution pattern.

Gondwanan, you say? Why yes. It's a *sniff* paleogeographical reference. Means when earth consisted of Pangea, Gonwana was the Southern of the two super-continents.  Laurasia was the other one.

So Pixie's umbrellas exist in parts of New Zealand, Australia, New Caledonia and Chili.

So why did the writer of the wiki article decide to explain this mushroom's range by saying it was Gondwanan? I have no idea but if you have to explain your explanation you're trying to hard. [wiki]

[photo: Lorraine Phelan]

[photo: Steve Axeford]

How can you not look at these little blue fungi and not love them just because they're blue?! I don't even care if the caps are often sticky and appear slimy looking, particularly in moist weather. Or that they ooze out of the earth in little slimy balls called globose. They're blue!

[photo: Bev Pascoe]




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